What Is Photography?#done gautam

Table of Contents

hey guys! today in this class we’ll lersn about photography. And we’ll tell you that why it is important now a days so just bear with us in this class till the end and i can promise you that after this class your mindset about photography will be completely changed and you’ll learn a lot about this intresting field hope you like this class.

Technically, photography is the art of capturing and processing light using a sensor or film. But the essence of photography is to treasure moments and share them with the world. Quite simple, but the action itself is capable of changing people’s perceptions.

A photo can have a deeper meaning and tell thousand important stories. One of the best examples is photos taken during the war.

There are many eye-opening photos circulated during the war.

Some photos snap the winners’ glorious moment while the others show the utter devastation of citizens caught in the crossfire.

But that’s not all, folks; photography also has the nature of having multiple interpretations, especially in modern photography and art.

Everyone has their own “hot take” when it comes to judging an image. Some see the bigger “picture,” while others take it as an analogy to life, transforming it into those “wise” quotes.

As you widen your knowledge about photography, aesthetics, and techniques, you can unveil even more meaning behind a single photograph.

photography example
Photo by Kaique Rocha

What Is the Purpose of Photography?

In the past, photography’s purpose was to supply portraits for people who could not afford paintings. During War, photographs enable people to grieve and remember their family members who passed away on the battlefield.

Lovers can also use a photograph to soothe the suffocating pain of missing their loved ones on a cold night.

As time goes by, photography serves more diverse purposes.

Product photography is based around the sole purpose of selling a product such as food. The photographer should make every item of food and beverages look shinier, mouth-watering, and more delicious than its competitors.

Meanwhile, portrait photography aims to tell a story about an individual’s identity, personality, and story. This style is divided into several more types, such as lifestyle portraits, street portraits, and many more, each of them has a different purpose.

For hobbyist photographers and regular people, photography is a way to document meaningful moments in life—memories stored indefinitely in a picture, which you can look back at easily anytime.

purpose of photography
Photo by Nick Demou

When Was Photography Invented?

The first permanent image was captured around 1830 in France in the hands of Joseph Nicephore Niepce. This breakthrough created a ripple effect, and the rest is history.

Joseph Nicole then collaborated with Louis Daguerre to create the daguerreotype. It was the first commercial camera that “prints” images on a silver-plated copper.

But the names who popularized photography were talented figures such as Alfred Stieglitz, Dorothea Lange, Ansel Adams, and many more.

Alfred believed that everyone could use photography to express emotion and meaning, just like music and paintings. He also dissuaded landscape painters and made them go “spiral.”

By introducing the photography industry, Alfred influenced painters to pursue and develop abstract painting styles.

Why Is Photography Important?

Well, how important are your childhood memories for you? I have a soft spot for those old memories, and every photo of them induces a nostalgic feeling. 
 
Photography has the power to “freezes” time, preserving the memory until the paper deteriorates. 
 
Without photography, it will be hard to understand our history. We will not see the historical sites that once existed, old cultures, inventions, and other precious events that happened in the past. 
 
A journalist uses photography to spread a message to the whole world, giving a chance to the minority to be seen and attracting people’s attention to the neglected problems around them. 
 
Photography has also become a new trending source of income for many. Their annual pay is undoubtedly affected by their portfolio, amount of experience, and reputation. 

why is photography important

What Are the Different Types (Styles) Of Photography?

There are over 60 different types of photography, but I will only describe the most common ones. Here is a brief explanation of the 7 most common photography styles.

Portrait Photography

This is by far the most popular photography style. We can easily find it on someone’s social media profile pictures or the dull driver’s license photo.

Everyone in any setting can be the subject of portrait photography; from your family at home, friends in school, co-workers in the office, and even yourself. You can shoot your subject either posed, candid or close-ups.

Even though this style looks super simple to do, some photographers struggle to shoot a good one. The common reason is they cannot make the subject feel comfortable to pose in front of the camera. Therefore, the subject looks awkward and unnatural.

When shooting a portrait, keep in mind that your subject is an ordinary human with a set of emotions and thoughts. Try to interact with them in the most relaxed manner to make them feel confident and show their true self.

portrait photography

Fashion Photography

Fashion photography are those pictures you see in a fashion magazine or online shop. This photography style has one sole purpose: making every fashion item aesthetically pleasing and appealing to its consumers. Furthermore, lure them into buying those items.

Fashion photographers should master a portrait photographer’s skills, possess tons of creative ideas in the back of their head, and love to collaborate with stylists, creative directors, models, and other crew members.

Food Photography

The main goal of food photography is to promote the products and entice customers to buy them. No matter how small or large the scale is, every food and beverage business will need this type of photography. 
 
You will need a lot of money to build a career in this industry since professional food photography needs a studio and other special equipment.
 
It means that this industry is promising, especially in the age of the internet, just like now.

Check out a list of the best cameras for food photography

food photography

Editorial Photography

Editorial photography commonly uses in magazines or newspapers. This style refers to every image that sits alongside text. The photo makes the reader understand more about the description of events, places, or stories that the writer tries to tell.

If you want to be an editorial photographer, you need a deeper understanding of the subject, composition, and advanced technique.

As a photographer, you should have a high sensitivity to know which angle or subject best represents the story that a writer writes.

editorial

Architectural Photography

The interior and exterior of buildings are the main subject of architectural photographers. This style is particular because it only focuses on capturing the architectural beauty, which sometimes is hidden in plain sight.

This style aims to shoot the utmost detail of buildings and promote it to potential buyers. It is like product photography with a different subject.

architectural photography

Landscape Photography

Landscape photographers are the experts in capturing the beauty of Mother Nature. They often use higher-end cameras and tools to acquire the best photos.

The busy city full of working-class people in the day or glamorous urban nightlife can also be the landscape photography subject – it is known as a cityscape.

landscape photography

Event Photography

As the name implies, this type of photography focuses on capturing every exciting moment in an event, from a wedding, birthday celebration, family gathering, annual meeting in the office, and many more.

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Event photographers’ services are always in high demand. The average fee is around $200-280 but can be vary depending on how long your event held.

But do not worry too much because their rates are adjustable. It depends on your request, the event’s location, and your personal preference that may require the photographer to use additional equipment or staff.

event photography

What Do You Need for Photography?

I’d say that you will need a DSLR camera. But as a starter, you can use a smartphone because most of the newest series come with high camera specs. Renting a DSLR or mirrorless camera from a nearby rental store can be another option to consider. 
 
Nevertheless, before buying any camera or other equipment, you should decide which photography career you want to pursue. Do you want to target a small niche? Or do you want to invent a brand-new photography style? By answering basic questions, you can decide which gear will support you best in this new career. 
 
For example, buying a tripod and multiple lenses for landscape photography, investing in additional lighting will help those focusing on portrait photography. 
 
As a beginner photographer, it is natural to make some mistakes. But do not fall into the same error twice. From the basic to the professional level, you can learn everything about photography from thousands of online resources. 
 
Even most tutorial videos, blog posts, books, and other information about photography on the internet are free. Take your time to learn it all to avoid making silly mistakes. 
 
Last but not least is practice. Try different settings, angles, lighting setup, and everything to understand how things appear on the camera. The more hours you spend practicing, the better you will become.
 
If you want to step up your game, invest your time to master editing skills using Adobe Photoshop and Lightroom. Post-processing can help you patch up the little mistakes that you made and even make your subject appear more stunning than before. 
 
So, there’s equipment, knowledge, and also practice in both production and post-production. 

what do you need for photography

Being Technical and Creative

Technical skill and creativity work together like clockwork: without one another, your images would end up dull, unattractive, and senseless.
 
You need to understand camera settings, at least the three essential features: aperture, shutter speed, and ISO. Here is a brief info about them in a nutshell:
• Aperture controls the focus of the image while controlling the amount of light received. 
• Shutter Speed helps you capture fast-moving subjects, and It also affects exposure
• ISO is a sensitivity that allows you to take pictures in various types of lighting.
 
 I will present a more profound explanation about those features in another blog post. 
 
Some lens’ are specially designed to produce specific effects better. For example, if you want the perfect bokeh effect, you can choose Sigma 35mm f/1.4 DG HSM ART Lens and the Minolta/Sony STF 135mm f/2.8 [T4.5].
 
But recently, some smartphones can imitate that bokeh effect almost perfectly. They are the Honor 9 Lite smartphone, Apple 7 plus, Samsung Galaxy Note 8, Google Pixel, etc. 
 
Keep in mind to use all of your equipment to the fullest. Where is the best spot to put your lighting? When is the right time to change your lens? And many more. Your skill in operating your equipment will affect the result significantly.

Final Remarks

Photography means everything and anything for every person. The purpose is never fixed and continuously changes. 
 
There are many types of photography out there, each constructed from the understanding of the basics. 
 
If you want to start learning photography, do not think to buy an expensive camera first because your smartphone camera is enough. Sharpen your skill should be your primary goal. 
 
The best photography tips I can give are to keep your discipline and enthusiasm high. Make sure that you learn and practice every single day. Then, you will see the results sooner than you think. 

CAMERA SETTINGS GUIDE – BEST PHOTOGRAPHY CAMERA SETTINGS

Mastering photography camera settings is fundamental to beginner photographers to help them hone their photographic skills.

However, camera settings can be overwhelming to grasp considering the different names, functions, and camera buttons, dials, and wheels. Does it sound familiar to you?

To help you better understand photography settings, I’ve created this guide to camera settings where you’ll find the best camera settings and what they do.

We’ll start off with the three basic camera settings that you need to know, and from there we’ll move into other good camera settings that are commonly used in photography. To make things easier, I’ve also included plenty of camera settings examples and specific articles in case you want to dive deeper into each specific photography camera setting.

Ready to learn what each camera dials and buttons do? You’re about to master the best camera settings in photography!

BEST CAMERA SETTINGS IN PHOTOGRAPHY

In a nutshell, these are the best basic camera settings in photography:

  1. Aperture: f/1.8-f/5.6 in low light or for a narrower depth of field, and f/8-f/16 for a wider DoF
  2. Shutter Speed: From 30 seconds to 1/4000th of a second depending on the scene
  3. ISO: 100-3200 in entry-level cameras, and 100-6400 in more advanced cameras
  4. Camera Mode: Manual camera mode or Aperture-priority mode
  5. Metering Mode: Matrix/Multi/Evaluative depending on your camera model
  6. Focus Mode: AF-S for stills and AF-C for moving subjects
  7. Focus Area: Single-point for stills and Dynamic/Zone for moving subjects
  8. White Balance: Automatic WB
  9. File Format: Raw File (or JPEG if you don’t want to edit your pictures)
  10. Drive Mode: Single shooting for stills and continuous for moving subjects
  11. Long exposure noise reduction: Off
  12. High ISO noise reduction: Off
  13. Color Space: sRGB
  14. Image stabilization: On when shooting handheld and Off when shooting from a tripod
  15. HDR/DRO: Off

Below, you’ll find all the camera settings explained along with the ideal camera settings depending on the genre and subject that you’re shooting.

We’ll start with the basic exposure camera settings, and then move into other important photography settings.

photography camera settings

As mentioned above, for a better understanding of the photography camera settings and to learn how to adjust them, I highly recommend reading the specific camera setting article that you’ll find in each section!

1. APERTURE – THE FIRST BASIC CAMERA SETTING

The aperture is one of the most important photography settings, and one of the basic camera settings for beginners.Aperture camera setting on camera

1. Aperture setting on camera

WHAT IS THE APERTURE CAMERA SETTING?

Simply put, the aperture is the opening of the camera lens, which affects the amount of light that passes through the lens to the sensor. For this reason, this camera setting has a direct impact on the exposure of the image, and it’s critical to the depth of fieldsharpness, and final look of the image.

The maximum and minimum aperture is determined by a number popularly known as F-stop value, which follows a sequence like this (The smaller the number, the larger the aperture and vice versa):

Aperture camera setting numbers

BEST APERTURE CAMERA SETTINGS

In your aperture camera settings; when you want to have a large portion of the scene in focus (big depth of field), you should use a narrow aperture, that is, an aperture between f/8 and f/16. A good example of a narrow aperture is landscape photography; I usually shoot my landscapes between f/8 and f/11.

If, conversely, your goal is to have a small portion of the scene in focus while blurring some areas of the image, or if you’re shooting in low-light, you should aim at a wide aperture from the max. opening of your lens like f/2.8 down to f/5.6. Examples of this are portrait and night photography.

HOW TO CHANGE THE APERTURE SETTING ON CAMERA

In most cameras, the aperture dial is at the top right of the camera body, either in the front or rear dial.APERTURE GUIDE

2. SHUTTER SPEED – AN ESSENTIAL PHOTOGRAPHY SETTING TO CAPTURE MOTION

Shutter speed is another fundamental setting on camera that’s also related to the main exposure camera settings.Shutter Speed camera setting

2. Shutter Speed camera setting

WHAT IS THE SHUTTER SPEED CAMERA SETTING?

In short, shutter speed is the length of time that the camera shutter is open and capturing light. The shutter speed camera setting plays a key role in exposure and it has two important effects: Motion and shakiness.

Shutter speed is measured in seconds and fractions of a second. Following this sequence, the higher the number, the longer the exposure time:

shutter speeds in camera setting

BEST SHUTTER SPEED CAMERA SETTINGS

Regarding shutter speed camera settings, when you want to capture motion like in long exposure photography or want to shoot in low-light like in night photography, you should use a slower shutter speed, generally from 1/60th of a second up to several minutes. This photography setting is usually limited to 30” in most cameras, so to increase this time, you’ll need to use the Bulb mode camera setting and a shutter release. As an example, my camera settings for Milky Way photography in terms of shutter speed is usually between 15-25 seconds.

On the other hand, when you want to freeze motion, you should aim for a fast shutter speed, generally between 1/60th and the minimum shutter speed setting of your camera, which is usually 1/4000th of a second. A good camera setting example of this are action shots, like in wildlife or sports photography.

HOW TO CHANGE THE SHUTTER SPEED SETTING ON CAMERA

In most cameras, the shutter speed dial is at the top right of the camera body, either in the front or rear dial.GUIDE TO SHUTTER SPEED

3. ISO – A KEY SETTING ON CAMERA

ISO is the last exposure triangle setting and possibly the most difficult camera setting for beginners.ISO photography setting on camera

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3. ISO photography setting

WHAT IS THE ISO CAMERA SETTING?

In brief, ISO increases the light information captured by the camera sensor. The ISO directly affects the exposure and the digital noise, so it’s also a critical camera setting to avoid digital noise.

ISO in photography is measured in a range of “ISO levels”, which follows a sequence like this: (the higher the number, the higher the ISO, amount of light, and digital noise):

ISO Native levels

BEST ISO CAMERA SETTINGS

The ideal ISO camera setting depends on the camera sensor size and other factors like the type of photography.

When you’re shooting under good light conditions, you should use a low ISO setting. ISO values from ISO 100-ISO 400 are considered low ISOs.

However, in those situations where there’s not much light available or you need to increase the shutter speed, you’ll most likely have to set a high ISO setting, usually between ISO 800 and ISO 6400. You should set the max. ISO according to your camera. A good reference point is ISO 3200 for entry-level cameras and ISO 6400 for more advanced cameras.

To see an example, the ISO photo setting for the Northern Lights will be higher compared to the ISO camera setting for shooting in broad sunlight.

HOW TO CHANGE THE ISO SETTING ON CAMERA

The placement of the ISO setting button completely changes from camera to camera, but most models include a direct button to change it. I recommend checking your camera manual if you’re not sure where the ISO is on your camera wheel.ISO IN PHOTOGRAPHY GUIDE

4. CAMERA MODES – THE MAIN CAMERA WHEEL

Once you know the three basic camera settings, now it’s time to learn how to change the camera settings for exposure.Camera modes settings dial

4. Camera Modes settings

WHAT ARE THE CAMERA MODE SETTINGS?

Briefly, camera modes are controls that let you set the main photo settings of aperture, shutter speed, and ISO in order to get the best exposure in a photograph.

You’ve probably heard before that the best dslr or mirrorless basic settings require a fully manual control in-camera. While this is true to some extent, you can also benefit from using any of the semi-automated or priority modes.

These are the main camera modes photography settings:

  • Program Camera Mode (“P Mode”): Using this mode, your camera automatically sets the aperture and shutter speed.
  • Shutter-Priority Mode (“S/Tv Mode”): In this mode, you set the shutter speed and the camera sets the aperture.
  • Aperture-Priority Mode (“A/Av Mode”): You set the aperture and the camera adjusts the shutter speed.
  • Manual Camera Mode (M): Using this mode, you choose all the camera settings.

BEST CAMERA MODE SETTINGS

Program shooting mode is a basic camera setting for beginners and for shooting challenging subjects where it’ difficult to determine the best settings. Once you start feeling more comfortable with your camera settings, you’ll most likely want to jump into any of the other camera modes.

Shutter-Priority is aimed at those cases where you know the minimum shutter speed you need to freeze the movement of the subject, like for shooting birds in flight, in sports photography, or when shooting from an airplane.

The aperture-priority camera setting is useful in a wide range of scenarios. Once you know the aperture you need, like a narrow aperture for landscapes or a wide aperture for portraits, this mode will make things easier for you. It’s also a very common mode for shooting wildlife.

Manual is the ultimate mode, and the camera setting beginners find more daunting. You can use it in many situations, like in landscape, panoramas, night & astrophotography, etc.

If you want to make the most of your camera wheels and nail the exposure, I’d recommend using either Manual camera mode or Aperture-Priority mode. My camera setting mode is Manual 95% of the time, like when shooting the Milky WayNorthern Lightslong exposures, etc.

HOW TO CHANGE THE CAMERA MODE SETTING

All digital cameras allow you to change the camera mode using the main camera wheel or dial placed on top of the camera body.GUIDE TO CAMERA MODES

5. METERING MODES – THE FUNDAMENTAL CAMERA SETTING TO MEASURE LIGHT

The last adjustment related to camera setting and exposure is the metering mode.Metering Modes setting on camera

5. Metering Modes setting on camera

WHAT ARE THE METERING MODE SETTINGS?

In short, metering modes are the way your camera measures the light of the scene. In digital cameras, this is done by using the exposure meter built into the camera body.

Disregarding the camera mode, understanding how light metering works, and the different metering modes is fundamental. Your camera settings for a sunny day will be very different from your camera settings for astrophotography, and the way you calculate the light will have a direct impact on the final exposure of your shot.

If you are shooting in one of the auto modes your camera has, the metering mode will change the way your camera adjusts the settings. In case you’re shooting on manual, your reference to know if the photo will be correctly exposed is the expose value (EV), which will change depending on the metering mode too.

These are the main camera metering mode settings:

  • Multi/Matrix metering: Using this mode, the camera evaluates the light of the entire scene, splitting the frame into different zones.
  • Center-weighted metering: The camera takes the center of the frame to calculate the light of the scene.
  • Spot metering: The camera uses a single focus point to calculate the light.

BEST METERING MODE SETTINGS ON CAMERA

Multi metering is the default mode in most digital cameras and will serve your purpose in most situations.

The center-weighted camera setting comes in handy when your subject is in the middle of the frame, like in a headshot portrait or in some wildlife shots.

You can set spot metering when your subject or the specific area of your subject that you want to capture is very small, like the eyes in a portrait, a small bird in the frame, or the moon against a dark sky.

My go-to camera settings related to metering modes are always Multi/Matrix except in rare occasions where I use spot metering, like in my camera settings for photographing the moon.

THE EXPOSURE COMPENSATION CAMERA WHEEL

The exposure compensation dial/button is also related to the camera metering modes. Using this function, you can increase/decrease the light metering value in your camera, letting the camera know you’re interested in having an overexposed or underexposed image.exposure compensator dial

The exposure compensation camera wheel

You can adjust this camera setting when using any of the camera’s automatic or semiautomatic modes. It’s a good way to help your camera in challenging light situations, particularly when there’s high contrast, such as in a snowy scene. It’s also helpful when capturing a scene according to your artistic vision.

HOW TO CHANGE THE CAMERA METERING MODE SETTING

Some advanced cameras include direct buttons to change the metering mode, but in most cameras, you’ll have to do it from the menu or functions button.

HOW TO CHANGE THE EXPOSURE COMPENSATION SETTING

The exposure compensation can be changed either using a small button along with any of the front/rear dials or using the specific exposure compensation dial if your camera includes this wheel.GUIDE TO METERING MODES

6. FOCUS CAMERA SETTINGS – IMPORTANT CAMERA SETTINGS TO TAKE SHARP PHOTOS

One of the basic camera settings for taking sharper images is to adjust the different focus camera settings.

Generally, we can divide these camera settings into Manual focus mode (M) or Autofocus Mode (AF) depending on the type of photography that we’re doing.

Regarding the Autofocus Modes, it’s important to differentiate between the camera focus Modes and focus areas:

Please note that the Nikon camera settings and Canon camera settings related to focus are generally the same, but they have different names.

FOCUS MODE SETTINGS

Focus modes are the tools to decide whether the camera locks or continues to adjust focus once the focus button is pressed.Focus mode settings on camera

6. Focus Mode Camera setting

There are two main focus mode camera settings:

  • Single Autofocus Mode (AF-S/One-shot AF): Using this mode, the camera locks the focus on the subject but if it moves, the camera won’t adjust focus to compensate. It’s the best setting mode for still subjects (and one of the best camera settings for landscape photography).
  • Continuous Autofocus Mode (AF-C/AI-Servo): Using this mode, once you’ve locked your focus, your camera will try to track the subject when it moves within the frame. It’s the best setting mode for moving subjects, like in wildlife, sports, and street photography.

FOCUS AREA SETTINGS

Focus Area photography settings

Focus Area photography settings

As regards photo settings related to focus areas, these are the main modes to choose:

  • Single Point Area Mode (single-point AF/Manual AF Point): Using this mode, you can select a single focus point. It’s the best focus area for landscape, still portraits, macrophotography, and architecture.
  • Dynamic Area Mode (Dynamic AF Area/AF Point expansion): Once your focus point is selected, if your subject moves, the camera will use several focus points to track it. It’s the best for wildlife, sports, and street photography.
  • Auto Area Mode (Auto AF Area/Automatic AF Point selection): The camera automatically decides the focus points to use. It’s the best for scenes where you need to focus on something easy and close to the camera.

There are other good camera settings to learn related to focus areas, like EYE Autofocus, but this will depend on your camera model.

HOW TO CHANGE THE FOCUS CAMERA SETTINGS

The buttons and dials to change the camera focus settings vary from camera to camera. In most entry-level cameras, you can do it from the menu while most advanced cameras include direct buttons or customized buttons to do it.GUIDE TO FOCUS MODES & AREAS

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7. WHITE BALANCE – THE IMPORTANCE OF THE KELVIN CAMERA SETTINGS

Another basic (and easy) camera setting to learn is the white balance.White Balance Camera setting

7. White Balance Camera setting

WHAT IS THE WHITE BALANCE CAMERA SETTING?

In short, white balance is a photography setting to get the colors of your image right without being affected by the color of the light source of the scene. The white balance camera setting is key to keeping your images from taking a warm or cool tone when they shouldn’t, something also known as “color cast”.

White balance is closely related to color temperature, which is measured in Kelvins or “K”. The higher the number in the scale, the cooler the color will be.

Regarding the white balance settings on camera, there are three main types:

  • Automatic white balance (AWB): As the name says, the camera automatically adjusts the best WB camera setting.
  • White Balance Presets (Semi-Automatic White Balance): The camera offers different preset modes related to different color temperatures.
  • White balance manual camera setting (Custom white balance mode): You can manually adjust the white balance by either setting a specific Kelvin number or creating a custom white balance.

BEST WHITE BALANCE CAMERA SETTINGS

AWB is the most popular and widely used white balance setting and the one set by default in most digital cameras.

White Balance presets are the best for environments where a single type of light dominates the scene.

Manual White Balance is one of the best camera settings at night and in situations where the light can change, like when shooting panoramas. It’s also a fundamental camera setting in product photography to maximize color accuracy.

Unlike the previous camera settings, you can perfectly change your white balance in post-processing as long as you shoot in Raw. My camera setting related to white balance is in AUTO most of the time except when shooting in low-light or panoramas.

HOW TO CHANGE THE WHITE BALANCE PHOTO SETTINGS

This also varies from camera to camera, with most entry-level cameras including this setting in the menu and most advanced cameras including direct or customized buttons.WHITE BALANCE GUIDE

8. FILE FORMAT SETTINGS – A FUNDAMENTAL CAMERA QUALITY SETTING

The best camera quality setting is related to the file format, and it’s as simple as Shoot in Raw!File format photo setting

8. File format photo setting

Raw files contain much more information than JPEG, which is essential when you edit your images and need to make the most of the color and dynamic range.

Some cameras offer the option of “compressed” and “uncompressed” Raw files. If your camera model can compress the Raw without losing quality, then go for this option. If there’s any quality loss, I’d recommend using the uncompressed raw file camera setting option.

If you don’t want to edit your photos later, you can also shoot in RAW + JPEG, but bear in mind that your SD cards will fill up sooner.

HOW TO CHANGE THE FILE QUALITY SETTINGS ON CAMERA

In most cameras, you have to do it from the menu, even though some advanced cameras allow you to change this with a direct button.

9. DRIVE MODE – A BASIC CAMERA SETTING FOR BEGINNERS

Drive Modes are good camera settings to familiarize yourself with and use depending on the type of subject that you’re shooting.Drive Mode Camera setting

9. Drive Mode Camera setting

WHAT ARE THE DRIVE MODES CAMERA SETTINGS?

Simply put, drive modes are used to control the shooting frequency.

The main drive mode camera settings are:

  • Single Shot: When you press the shutter, you’ll take a single photo. It’s a simple mode and the best in most situations.
  • Continuous/Burst Mode: When you press the shutter, your camera will take several photos. The number of pictures that you can shoot in a burst will depend on your camera model. Most advanced cameras also have the option to shoot a low burst or a high burst depending on the subject.
  • Shutter Delay: When you press the shutter, the camera will release the shutter after a specific time like 2, 5, or 10 seconds.
  • Mirror Lock-up: Using this setting, the DSLR lifts the mirror to avoid vibrations and issues like mirror slap. This is anexclusive DSLR camera setting.

BEST DRIVE MODE CAMERA SETTINGS

You can use Single-shot in most situations, and Continuous when you shoot action like wildlife, sports, etc.

Shutter Delay is a very useful mode when shooting from a tripod. To avoid vibrations and get sharper images, you can set a 2 or 5-second delay. It’s the best mode for shooting long exposure photography, landscapes, and night photography without using a remote shutter. It’s also a handy camera setting for selfies and portraits where you want to include yourself in the frame.

Lastly, mirror lock-up is one of the best DSLR camera settings when you have your camera on a tripod and you’re using a slow shutter speed (usually slower than 1/60th of a second).

HOW TO CHANGE THE DRIVE MODE

You can change this camera photography setting from your camera menu/functions.

10. LONG EXPOSURE NOISE REDUCTION – A CONTROVERSIAL PHOTOGRAPHY SETTING

This is a somewhat controversial camera setting; some photographers use this photo setting while others never use it.Long Exposure Noise Reduction setting

10. Long Exposure Noise Reduction setting

WHAT IS THE LONG EXPOSURE NR CAMERA SETTING?

Using long exposure noise reduction, your camera will process some noise reduction in your file.

The main downside of this basic camera setting is that you won’t be able to operate your camera while it’s processing the noise reduction, and the process takes the same time as the shutter speed. For example, if you shoot the Milky Way for 30 seconds, the camera will take 30 seconds to reduce the noise and you won’t be able to use your camera during that time.

For that reason, in my camera settings, long exposure noise reduction is always off.

I prefer to do the noise reduction in post-processing, mostly using the Topaz Denoise AI, as a plugin for Photoshop (but you can use the standalone version or the plugin for Lightroom too).

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HOW TO TURN ON/OFF THE LONG EXPOSURE NOISE REDUCTION

You can change this camera photography setting from your camera menu/functions.

11. HIGH-ISO NOISE REDUCTION – A PHOTO CAMERA SETTING TO TURN OFF

This is another setting on camera that’s like the previous one; your camera will reduce the noise resulting from using a High ISO.

In this case, this noise reduction can be applied only if you shoot in JPEG, so if you shoot in Raw (as you should!), you can turn this camera setting off.High-ISO noise reduction on camera

11. High-ISO noise reduction on camera

HOW TO ADJUST THE HIGH-ISO NOISE REDUCTION SETTING

You can change this photo setting from your camera menu/functions.

12. COLOR SPACE – A SETTING ON CAMERA TO IGNORE

The main camera photo settings related to color space are sRGB and AdobeRGB.

  • sRGB: This is the most widely used color space and your best bet for color accuracy across different devices and browsers.
  • Adobe RGB: It includes more colors, but some devices and browsers aren’t capable of displaying all the colors, creating strange color swifts.

While color space is very important in photography, if you shoot RAW, it’s something that you can adjust in the digital darkroom, so your color space photo setting on camera doesn’t matter.Color Space camera setting

12. Color Space camera setting

HOW TO CHANGE THE COLOR SPACE CAMERA SETTING

You can change this camera setting from your camera menu/functions.

13. IMAGE STABILIZATION – A KEY CAMERA SETTING TO ADJUST

We can’t leave image stabilization out of this camera settings guide. It’s a very helpful camera setting that will allow you to shoot handheld at slower shutter speeds.

Advanced digital cameras and lenses offer top-notch image stabilization features, so you can use it to your advantage in certain situations:

  • Image stabilization On: Use this when you shoot handheld unless you need a super-fast shutter speed.
  • Image stabilization Off: It’s very important to turn this camera setting offwhen you’re shooting on a tripod or other stable surface to avoid blurry pictures.

Image stabilization on camera

13. Image stabilization camera setting

HOW TO TURN ON/OFF THE IMAGE STABILIZATION

You can change this camera photography setting from your camera menu/functions and in some lenses from the lens body.

14. HDR/DRO – A CREATIVE SETTING ON CAMERA

This is a considerably new camera setting and it’s aimed at creating a high dynamic-range image on camera.

While it’s a nice idea, cameras are not good enough at creating automatic HDR images yet, so if you want to achieve a natural HDR look in your images, my advice is to turn HDR/DRO off and create this effect in post-processing or using a specific plugin like HDR Pro from Nik Collection.HDR/DRO camera setting

14. HDR/DRO camera setting

HOW TO ACTIVATE/DEACTIVATE THE HDR CAMERA SETTING

You can change this camera photography setting from your camera menu/functions.

CONCLUSION

As you’ve seen throughout this photography settings guide, there are many important camera settings to learn if you want to take the best possible images.

All these are good camera settings, but there are camera settings for different types of photography, so feel free to use all these as a general reference.

My recommendation is to master the three basic camera dials (Aperture, Shutter Speed, ISO) since these will have the biggest impact on your final image. Learning the basic camera buttons and wheels and what they do is important, so go beyond the theory and put them into practice, it’s the best way to understand them!

hope you guys like it and see you guys in the next class.

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